Home Nature Natural Phenomena. You have to believe, it’s real.

Natural Phenomena. You have to believe, it’s real.


1. Snow chimneys on Mount Erebus, Antarctica: the southernmost active volcano on Earth.

2. Frost flowers: ice crystals commonly found growing on young sea ice and thin lake ice in extremely cold, calm conditions nearing -22C or -7.6F.

3. Light pillars: an optical phenomenon formed by the reflection of sunlight or moonlight by ice crystals that are present in the Earth’s atmosphere.

4. Bioluminescent dinoflagellates + the right conditions = Red Tide: a condition where the dinoflagellates become so numerous that the water takes on a muddy reddish colour.

5. Bioluminescent waves on a beach in the Maldives: Various species of phytoplankton are known to bioluminesce; when washed ashore by the tides, their chemical energy is turned into light energy.

6. Canada’s saline endorheic alkali Spotted Lake: contains some of the highest quantities of magnesium sulfate, calcium and sodium sulphates in the world.

7. Tanzania’s Lake Natron: a salt lake fed by mineral-rich hot springs that is the only regular breeding area in East Africa for the 2.5 million lesser flamingoes.
The flamingo population has been adversely affected in recent years by suspected heavy metal poisoning, and the lake is currently under threat by a proposed soda ash plant by Tata Chemicals.

8. Undulatus asperatus aka “roughened or agitated waves”: This cloud formation has been proposed as a separate cloud classification by the founder of the Cloud Appreciation Society and would be the first new type of cloud recognised since 1951.

9. Polar stratospheric clouds: also known as nacreous clouds (from nacre, or mother of pearl, due to their iridescence).

10. Mammatus clouds, aka “mammary clouds” or “breast clouds”: a meteorological term applied to a rare pattern of pouches hanging underneath the base of a cloud.

11. Lenticular clouds over Mount Olympus: stationary lens-shaped clouds that form in the troposphere. Because of their shape, they have been offered as an explanation for some UFO sightings.

12. The Flowering Desert: occurs in the Atacama Desert, Chile, in years when rainfall is unusually high. Normally the region receives less than 12mm of rain annually.

13. The Black Sun: Huge flocks of up to 50,000 starlings form in areas of the UK just before sundown during mid-winter. They are known as murmurations.

14. The Great Blue Hole: a large submarine sinkhole off the coast of Belize, over 300m across and 124m deep.

15. Spherical boulders in New Zealand: exhumed from the mudstone enclosing them by coastal erosion.

16. Underwater crop circles in the ocean off Japan: created by a male pufferfish in order to woo females.

17. Namibia’s mysterious Fairy Circles: Studies suggest that a sand termite is responsible for their creation.

18. Monarch butterflies: The eastern North American population is notable for its southward late summer/autumn migration from the USA and Canada to Mexico, covering thousands of kilometers.

19. Christmas Island’s Red Crabs: Each year an estimated 43 million land crabs migrate to lay their eggs in the ocean.
Authorities close most of the island’s roads during the migration, which normally takes at least a week.

20. The Catumbo Lightning, which occurs during 140 to 160 nights a year, 10 hours per night and up to 280 times per hour.

21. Flammable ice bubbles: frozen bubbles of methane, trapped beneath Alberta’s Lake Abraham.

22. The Door to Hell, a gas fire in Turkmenistan accidentally ignited by scientists in 1971 and still burning.

23. Dirty thunderstorms, aka volcanic lightning, occur when lightning is produced in a volcanic plume.



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